Bears in Slovakia
Large territories and a secretive life style make it hard to determine their
exact number. Genetic research in 2013 - 2014 estimated there to be between 1,000 and 1,500 bears in Slovakia.
There are bears in most mountains of central and north Slovakia, including - but not only - Vysoke, Zapadne, Belianske and Nizke Tatry, Velka and Mala Fatra, Slovenske Rudohorie, Polana, Strazovske vrchy and Vychodne Karpaty.
Way of life
Besides females with young, they lead a mostly solitary life. Sometimes they gather to feed at seasonally abundant food sources such as fruit trees, corn fields or hunters' baits.
The bear, although classified as a Carnivore, is not a good hunter. It has become
an omnivore, getting 85-90% of its food from plants. In spring it eats grass
and herbage as well as carcasses of winter-killed animals. Its diet is more
varied from summer to autumn, including bilberries, raspberries and other fruit,
beech mast, acorns and ant and wasp larvae. Some individuals occasionally visit
beehives, crops or rubbish bins or kill livestock. More ...
Sleeping during the winter saves energy when food is scarce. Most bears are
inactive from December to February or March, depending on food availability,
weather, locality and individual. They need places free of disturbance for denning.
Bears mate in May-July. The female gives birth in winter, in her den. At birth
cubs weigh less than 0.5 kg. Young bears stay with their mother for up to 2.5
years, but some orphaned at less than 1 year old have survived in the wild.
Adult females have 1-3 cubs (rarely 4-5) every 2 to 3 years. Due to this comparatively
slow rate of reproduction, bears are vulnerable to over-hunting.
Adult males weigh 140-350 kg, measure 170-220 cm from nose to tail and are 95-130
cm tall at the shoulder. Females are smaller, usually 80-200 kg, 160-200 cm
and 90-110 cm respectively. More ...